What is Bipolar Disorder?

Also called: Manic disorder, it is a disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs. Very common, More than 3 million US cases per year; Cannot be cured, but treatment may help Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Requires a medical diagnosis; Lab tests or imaging not required; Each episode usually lasts days to weeks at a time. Episodes may occur several times a year or throughout the year. Mania symptoms include periods of elevated mood or irritability. When experiencing a manic episode, a patient often has high energy levels with reduced need for sleep. Less often, people may experience psychosis. Depression symptoms include feeling sad, low energy, low motivation, or loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities. Treatments can help reduce symptoms. Medications include valproic acid, lithium, lamotrigine, quetiapine, among others. Other treatments include cognitive behavior therapy or psychotherapy.

Symptoms:

Requires a medical diagnosis Mania symptoms include periods of elevated mood or irritability. When experiencing a manic episode, a patient often has high energy levels with reduced need for sleep. Less often, people may experience psychosis. Depression symptoms include feeling sad, low energy, low motivation, or loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities.Requires a medical diagnosis Mania symptoms include periods of elevated mood or irritability. When experiencing a manic episode, a patient often has high energy levels with reduced need for sleep. Less often, people may experience psychosis. Depression symptoms include feeling sad, low energy, low motivation, or loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities.

People may experience:

Mood: mood swings, sadness, elevated mood, anger, anxiety, apathy, apprehension, euphoria, general discontent, guilt, hopelessness, loss of interest, or loss of interest or pleasure in activities Behavioral: irritability, risky behavior, disorganized behavior, aggression, agitation, crying, excess desire for sex, hyperactivity, impulsivity, or selfharm Cognitive: unwanted thoughts, delusion, lack of concentration, racing thoughts, slowness in activity, or false belief of superiority Psychological: depression, manic episode, agitated depression, or paranoia Sleep: difficulty falling asleep or excess sleepiness Whole body: fatigue or restlessness Weight: weight gain or weight loss Also common: rapid and frenzied speaking.

Treatments:

Treatment consists of therapy Treatments can help reduce symptoms. Medications include valproic acid, lithium, lamotrigine, quetiapine, among others. Other treatments include cognitive behavior therapy or psychotherapy.